Electric Vehicles - Revolutionizing Mobility
As countries across the globe seek to address future energy requirements in a rapidly growing and changing world, achieving sustainable transportation has emerged as a vital mission. With the paradigm shift towards digitalization, Electric vehicles (EVs) in particular represent one of the most promising pathways to revolutionizing mobility, increasing energy security, and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants. In the long-term, EVs are important to countries seeking to decarbonize the transport sector.
De-coding the revolution
As per Wikipedia, “an electric vehicle (EV), also referred to as an electric drive vehicle, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion. An electric vehicle may be powered through a collector system by electricity from off-vehicle sources, or may be self-contained with a battery, solar panels or a generator to convert fuel to electricity. EVs include road and rail vehicles, surface and underwater vessels, electric aircraft and electric spacecraft.”
All-electric vehicles (EVs) run on electricity only. They are propelled by one or more electric motors powered by rechargeable battery packs. EVs have several advantages over conventional vehicles:
- Better Performance: Electric motors provide quiet, smooth operation and stronger acceleration and require less maintenance than internal combustion engines (ICEs).
- Low Maintenance: EVs require minimal scheduled maintenance of their electrical systems, including the battery, electrical motor, and associated electronics.
- Governmental Support: Various incentives and programs are regularly introduced by the governments as an initiative to help hasten changeover to EV.
- Energy Efficient: EVs convert about 59% - 62% of the electrical energy from the grid to power at the wheels. Conventional gasoline vehicles only convert about 17% - 21% of the energy stored in gasoline to power at the wheels.
- Environmentally Friendly: EVs emit no tailpipe pollutants, although the power plant producing the electricity may emit them. Electricity from nuclear, hydro, solar, or wind powered plants causes no air pollution.
The above advantages make it evident that EVs are emerging as one of the major outcomes of trending technologies globally, and are here to stay as they propel a new era for the mobility industry.